SOME OF THE PRISONERS
Adrian Freiherr van der Hoop
PW NO: 560394
DATE: 16th October 1945
DATE OF BIRTH: 28
PLACE OF BIRTH: Offenbach/Main
DATE OF DEATH: 20 December 1967
PLACE OF DEATH: Hof Schnitte bei
Rodheim a. d. Lieber
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
HAIR COLOUR: Grey
EYE COLOUR: Grey
NEXT OF KIN: Dorethea
v.d. Hoop, Rodheim an der Lieber (US Zone)
Commands & Assignments:
July 1916: Entered the Army as a Fahnenjunker in 1. Großherzoglich-Hessisches
October 1916: In the field with Field Artillery Regiment 25.
November 1917-10 December 1917: Detached to the Maubeuge Artillery Firing
February 1918: Signals Officer on the staff of Field Artillery Regiment
April 1919: Transferred to Reichswehr Light Artillery Regiment 18.
October 1919: Transferred to Reichswehr Artillery Regiment 11.
May 1920: Separated from the Army.
February 1923: Reactivated in the Army with rank of Leutnant in Artillery
October 1923-15 August 1924: Detached to the Artillery School.
October 1924: Detached to the Artillery School, Detachment B.
October 1928: Transferred to Artillery Regiment 7 and detached to Transport
February 1929: Transferred to Transport Battalion 7.
October 1934: Chief of the 1st Squadron of Transport Battalion “München.”
October 1935: Chief of the 1st Company of Observation Battalion 19.
October 1936: Commander of Observation Battalion 9.
February 1937: Commander of the Observation Demonstration Battalion.
October 1939: Consultant in the Artillery Department of the General
Army Office/Army High Command.
February 1941: Army High Command Leader Reserve.
April 1941: Detached to Mountain Artillery Regiment 118 of the 6th Mountain
Division. [Commanded by Generalmajor Ferdinand Schörner, the 6th Mountain
Division took part in the invasion of Greece in April 1941. Attacking
from Bulgaria as a component of General der Infanterie Franz Böhme’s
XVIII Mountain Corps, the 6th Mountain Division attacked Greece from
its assembly area in southern Bulgaria. Launching a frontal attack on
the Metaxas Line, Böhme’s corps finally broke through after three days
of tough fighting during which each individual group of fortifications
had to be reduced by a combination of frontal and enveloping attacks
with strong tactical air support. The capture of Salonika by the 2d
Panzer Division and the penetration of the Metaxas Line caused Greek
resistance east of the Vardar River to collapse and, on 9 April 1941,
the Greek Second Army surrendered unconditionally.]
July 1941: Leader Reserve in Army Group South on the Eastern Front.
September 1941: Delegated with the leadership of Panzer Artillery Regiment
19 of the 19th Panzer Division on the Eastern Front.
January 1942: Commander of Mountain Artillery Regiment 82 of the 7th
Mountain Division in Finland.
September 1943: Mountain Artillery Commander (Gebirgs Arko) 109 of the
XXXVI Mountain Army Corps commanded by General der Infanterie Karl Weisenberger
25 June 1944: Commander of Division Group "van der Hoop" and Fortress
Commandant of Petsamo, Finland. [After the Finnish government concluded
an armistice with the Soviet Union on 4 September 1944, all German troops
in that country were required to withdraw by the middle of the month
or face internment. At the time, the 20th Mountain Army commanded by
Generaloberst Dr. Lothar Rendulic was based in northern Finland: General
der Gebirgstruppe Ferdinand Jodl's XIX Mountain Army Corps was dug in
along the Litsa River guarding the nickel mines near Petsamo and the
iron ore mines at Kirkenes, while the other two corps-General der Infanterie
Friedrich Hochbaum's XVIII Mountain Army Corps and General der Gebirgstruppe
Emil Vogel's XXXVI Mountain Army Corps-were further south. In light
of the political developments, Adolf Hitler granted permission for Rendulic's
army to withdraw from Finland into Norway. However, on 7 October 1944,
the 97,000-man Soviet 14th Army (Lieutenant General Vladimir I. Shcherbakov)
of General (later, Marshal) Kirill A. Meretskov's Karelian Front, supported
by Admiral A. G. Golovko's Northern Fleet launched a major offensive
against General Jodl's corps before its withdrawal could be initiated
(the other two corps had already withdrawn to new positions). Assigned
to the XIX Mountain Army Corps, Oberst Adrian Freiherr van der Hoop's
3,992-man division group (Grenadier-Brigades 193 and 503) was defending
positions from the Petsamo Fjord east across the Srednii isthmus to
the mouth of the Titovka River. Despite the difficulties of fighting
in the bleak tundra above the Arctic Circle, the Soviets made steady
headway against the German XIX Mountain Army Corps withdrawing westward
along the limited road network into Norway. Supported by naval infantry
amphibious landings, the Soviet 14th Army captured Petsamo on 15 October
and Kirkenes ten days later. Although the Soviet offensive was highly
successful, the German 20th Mountain Army, including Division Group
"van der Hoop," escaped destruction and, by January 1945, established
a new defensive position in Norway running south of the Lyngen Fjord
to the Swedish border and encompassing a small section of northwestern
Finland centered on the town of Kilpisjärvi. The German front in northern
Norway remained fairly stabilized along this line for the remainder
of the war although they abandoned the Kilpisjärvi position in April
- 3 February 1945-8
May 1945: Commander of Division Staff for Special Employment 613 (Division
Nr. 613) in Norway. [Headquartered at Drammen, the division staff served
under General der Artillerie Hermann Tittel’s LXX Army Corps as part
of the German garrison in southern Norway. At the time of the German
surrender, Generalmajor van der Hoop’s division staff acted as the Territorial
District Oslo Fjord and had, as such, the Army Coastal Artillery Regiment
980 with Army Coastal Artillery Battalions (HKAA) I./980 and II./980
under its command. Additionally, the division staff consisted of the
following units: Fortress Infantry Regiment 859 (Fortress Battalions
663 and 664) which had transferred from the 210th Infantry Division;
Fortress Battalion 645; and Grenadier-Regiment 517 (two battalions with
13th and 14th companies). The division staff also controlled the following
artillery batteries: the old Norwegian 2x12cm turret battery at Greaaker
(between Sarpsborg and Fredrikstad); a 3x10.5cm battery with French
field guns at Lahaugmoen (north of Oslo); a 4x15.5cm sFH414(f) battery
at Rygge airfield; and the 2x28cm Railway Battery 689 at Knatteröd (east
of Sarpsborg). The batteries, less the Lahaugmoen battery, were tactically
subordinated to Artillery Group Fredrikstad (HKAA II./980). Note: A
special thanks to the many knowledgeable persons at the “Norway During
World War II” website forum (http://www.nuav.net/ndWW2.html)
for providing this detailed order of battle for the Division Staff for
Special Employment 613 (Division Nr. 613).]
- 8 May 1945-21
May 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 9th January
1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 1
- 12th May
1948 transferred to Camp 186 for repatriation.
Cross in Gold: 15 December 1944, Oberst, Commander of Division Group “van
- Prussian Iron Cross,
1st Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
- Medal for the Winter
Campaign in Russia 1941/1942 (“East Medal”)
General Honor Decoration, “for Bravery”
- Cross of Honor for
- Armed Forces Long
Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
- Finnish Order of
the Cross of Liberty, 2nd Class with Swords: 30 June 1943.
- Lapland Shield (It
is unknown if he actually received this battle shield, but his service in
Finland fit the award criteria)