SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
Eberbach as a POW at Island Farm
Special Camp 11
NAME: General der Panzertruppe
Heinrich Kurt Alfons Willy Eberbach
RANK: General der Panzertruppe
CAPTURED: Amiens, France
DATE: 31 August 1944
DATE OF BIRTH:
24 November 1895
PLACE OF BIRTH: Stuttgart / Württemberg
DATE OF DEATH: 13
PLACE OF DEATH: Notzingen
NEXT OF KIN: Anne
Eberbach, (American Zone)
- Fahnenjunker: 1 July
8 October 1914
17 October 1914
- Leutnant: 25 February
1915 – Patent 23 August 1913
- Oberleutnant: 18 October
13 December 1919
1 March 1921
- Polizei-Major: 1 August
- Major: 1 August 1935
– RDA 1 January 1935 (2b)
- Oberstleutnant: 1
October 1937 (14)
- Oberst: 1 August 1940
– RDA 1 August 1939 (28a)
- Generalmajor: 1 March
1942 (without RDA)
- Generalmajor: 8 April
1942 – RDA 1 April 1942 (37)
- Generalleutnant: 1
January 1943 (7)
- General der Panzertruppe:
1 August 1943 (8)
July 1914: Entered the Royal Württemberg Army as a Fahnenjunker in the
3rd Company of 10. Württembergisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr.180.
- 3 August 1914: Transferred
to the Replacement Battalion of Infantry Regiment 180.
- 28 August 1914: In the
field with Infantry Regiment 180.
- 15 May 1915: Transferred
to the 8th Company of Reserve Infantry Regiment 122 as a Platoon Leader.
- 25 September 1915: Severely
wounded in the face (lost his nose) and captured
by the French in the Champagne south of the Somme.
- December 1916: Repatriated
to a hospital in Constance, Switzerland.
- 4 September 1917-11
January 1918: Returned to Germany and transferred to a hospital and convalescent
home in Tübingen where he had his nose rebuilt; also assigned to the
Replacement Battalion of Infantry Regiment 122.
- 11 January 1918: Assigned
to the 10th Company of Infantry Regiment 146, Army Group “Scholtz” in Macedonia.
- 1 June 1918: Appointed
a Liaison Officer to the Turkish 8th Army in Palestine.
- 20 September 1918: Commander
of the rearguard of the Turkish Army during the retreat from Palestine.
- 23 September 1918: Captured
by the British in Palestine.
- 18 November 1919: Released
from captivity and returned to Germany – allocated to the Processing Office
of Infantry Regiment 180.
- 13 December 1919-31
July 1935: Served in the Polizei [Police] in Eßlingen and Stuttgart. Eberbach
culminated his police career as Leader of the Organizational Department on
the Reich Landespolizei Staff in the Reich Ministry of the Interior, Berlin,
from 1 April 1935-31 July 1935.
- 31 January 1920: Officially
separated from the Army.
- 1 August 1935: Returned
to the Army with the rank of Major.
- 15 August 1935: Detached
to Motorized Battalion “Döberitz.”
- 20 September 1935: Detached
to Motorized Battalion “Schwerin.”
- 15 October 1935: Commander
of Antitank Battalion 12.
- 9 December 1935-14 December
1935: Detached to the Signals Course for Commanders of Motorized Combat Troops
at the Halle/Saale Signals School.
- 20 October 1936-30 October
1936: Detached to Sports Courses for Staff Officers at the Wünsdorf Army Sports
- 1 August 1936: Detached
to Panzer Regiment 6 of the 3rd Panzer Division.
- 10 November 1938: Commander
of Panzer Regiment 35 of the 4th Panzer Division. [Commanded by Generalmajor
(later Generalleutnant) Georg-Hans Reinhardt, the 4th Panzer Division took
part in the invasion of Poland in September 1939. Later commanded by Generalmajor
Ludwig Ritter Ritter von Radlmeier and then Generalmajor Johann Joachim “Hajo”
Stever from 8 June 1940, the division participated in the invasion of France
in May-June 1940. (Eberbach received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross
for seizing crossings on the Seine River near Romilly and then capturing the
town along with thousands of French troops on 13 June 1940.) Under the leadership
of Generalmajor Willibald Freiherr von Langermann und Erlencamp, the 4th Division
Panzer Division took part in the invasion of the Soviet Union from 22 June
1941 as a component of Army Group Center.]
Oberst Eberbach with Generaloberst Guderian, Russia,
July 1941: Commander of the 5th Panzer Brigade of the 4th Panzer Division
on the Eastern Front.
January 1942: Delegated with the leadership of the 4th Panzer Division
on the Eastern Front. [Eberbach succeeded Generalmajor Dietrich von Saucken
who had held temporary command of the division since 27 December 1941.]
February 1942: Army High Command Leader Reserve and, in the meantime,
delegated with the leadership of the 4th Panzer Division.
April 1942: Commander of the 4th Panzer Division on the Eastern Front.
November 1942: Delegated with the leadership of the XXXXVIII Panzer Corps
on the Eastern Front.
December 1942: Wounded/in hospital/Army High Command Leader Reserve.
February 1943: Commander of the Panzer Special Staff.
February 1943: Inspector of Panzer Troops in the Replacement Army.
October 1943: Delegated with the leadership of the XXXXVII Panzer Corps
on the Eastern Front.
October 1943: Delegated with the leadership of the XXXXVIII Panzer Corps
on the Eastern Front.
November 1943: Delegated with leadership of the XXXX Panzer Corps on the
November 1943: Again, Inspector of Panzer Troops in the Replacement Army.
June 1944: Detached to Army Group Army Group B on the Western Front.
August 1944: Commander of Panzer Group West in France.
August 1944: Delegated with the leadership of the 5th Panzer Army in France.
August 1944: Commander of Panzer Group “Eberbach” in France.
August 1944-31 August 1944: Delegated with the leadership of the 7th Army
August 1944: Captured by British troops while on a forward reconnaissance
near the Seine River, France.
August 1944-6 January 1948: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 6 September 1944 transferred to Trent Park Camp 11 sorting camp.
- 6 May 1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp
- 9 August 1946 transferred to LDC (London District Cage) from Island
Farm Special Camp 11
- 19 August 1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from
- 31 August 1946 transferred to Camp 99 from Island Farm Special
- 15 November 1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from
- 6 November 1947 transferred to LDC for transfer to US custody and
Awards & Decorations:
Cross of the Iron Cross: 4 July 1940, Oberstleutnant, Commander of Panzer
(No. 42): 31 December 1941, Oberst, Commander of the 5th Panzer Brigade.
Honor Roll Clasp: 8 December 1941, Oberst, Commander of the 5th Panzer
Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 4 October 1917.
Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 12 October 1914.
Bar to the Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914): 2 October 1939.
Bar to the Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914): 23 September 1939.
for the Winter Campaign in Russia 1941/1942 (“East Medal”)
Friedrich Order, Knight 2nd Class with Swords: 28 June 1917.
of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
Forcers Long Service Awards
Badge in (Silver?) – World War II award
Assault Badge in Silver
Eberbach having a battlefield conference with two other senior
generals in late July 1944 during the Normandy Campaign.
Left to right:
Josef "Sepp" Dietrich, Commanding General of I SS-Panzer
- General der Infanterie
Hans von Obstfelder, Commanding General of LXXXVI Army Corps
- General der Panzertruppe
Heinrich Eberbach, Commanding General of Panzer Group West
to see a photo of General der Panzertruppe Heinrich Karl Alfons Willy Eberbach
in the company of fellow prisoners of war at Island Farm