Generalleutnant Friedrich (Fritz) Freiherr
PW NO: 18828
CAPTURED: Gombalia, Tunisia
DATE: 12 May 1943
DATE OF BIRTH: 1
PLACE OF BIRTH: Straßburg/Elsaß
DATE OF DEATH: 24 September
PLACE OF DEATH: Leoni bei Starnberg
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
HAIR COLOUR: Brown
EYE COLOUR: Blue
NEXT OF KIN: Olegard-Margarete
Broich, Birkenau bei Weinheim Odenwald Hessen (American Zone)
- Fahnenjunker: 24 July 1914
- Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier: 15 September 1914
- Fähnrich: 25 September 1914 (A2a)
- Leutnant: 24 December 1914 (Patent 23 June 1913)
- Oberleutnant: 18 October 1918 (H12h) (RDA later reestablished
at 18 October 1918 (31))
- Rittmeister: 1 February 1928 (44)
- Major: 1 January 1935 (3)
- Oberstleutnant: 1 October 1937 (15)
- Oberst: 1 September 1940 (13) (RDA later changed to 1 August 1939
- Generalmajor: 15 February 1943 (RDA 1 January 1943 (23a))
- Generalleutnant: 1 May 1943 (without RDA; later established at
1 July 1943 (5b))
July 1914: Entered the Army as a Fahnenjunker in the 2. Pommersches
February 1915: Sick/in hospital.
March 1915: Transferred to the Replacement Squadron of Ulan Regiment
April 1915-20 May 1915: Detached to the Machinegun Course at Döberitz.
May 1915-13 September 1915: Detached to Kürassier-Regiment von Seydlitz
(4. Magdeburgisches) Nr.7.
November 1915: Sick/in hospital.
January 1916: Transferred to the Replacement Squadron of Ulan Regiment
January 1916: Returned to the regiment in the field.
May 1917-22 June 1917: Detached to the Machinegun Weapons Master
Course at Spandau.
July 1918: Squadron Chief in Ulan Regiment 9.
October 1918: Wounded/in hospital.
December 1918: Transferred back to Ulan Regiment 9.
May 1919: Transferred to Reichswehr Cavalry Regiment 2 of Reichswehr-Brigade
October 1919-15 November 1919: Detached for instruction to the Firing
School at Wünsdorf.
November 1919: Transferred to Reichswehr Cavalry Regiment 102 of
March 1920: Transferred to Reichswehr Cavalry Regiment 6 of Reichswehr-Brigade
October 1924: Transferred to the regimental staff of the 6th (Prussian)
Reiter-[Mounted] Regiment, Pasewalk.
January 1925: Regimental Adjutant of the 6th (Prussian) Reiter-Regiment,
October 1928: Chief of the 2nd Squadron of the 8th (Prussian) Reiter-Regiment,
June 1931: Garrison Senior in Brieg.
December 1933: Adjutant of the 1st Cavalry Division, Fankfurt am
October 1935: Transferred to the 3rd Inspectorate of the Reich War
November 1938: Commander of the II. Battalion of Cavalry Regiment
August 1939: Commander of Reconnaissance Battalion 34 of the 34th
Infantry Division. [While the cream of the German military invaded
Poland in September 1939, the 34th Infantry Division, commanded
by Generalmajor Hans Behlendorff, remained at the disposal of Generaloberst
Erwin von Witzleben’s 1st Army in the Saarland facing the French
Maginot Line in Lorraine.]
December 1939: Commander of Reiter-Regiment 21 of the 1st Cavalry
Brigade, reformed as the 1st Cavalry Division on 14 February 1940.
[Commanded by Generalmajor (later Generalleutnant) Kurt Feldt, the
1st Cavalry Division advanced into the lightly defended Dutch plains
east of the IJssel River on 10 May 1940. Within 48 hours, the 1st
Cavalry Division overran the northern Dutch provinces and halted
its advance on the IJsselmeer near Kornwerderzand, the northwestern
terminus of the Afsluitdijk dyke.
After redeploying to the Somme River, the division took part in
the second phase of the invasion of France in June 1940 as a component
of the XXXVIII Army Corps of Generaloberst Günther von Kluge’s 4th
The 1st Cavalry Division advanced deep into France and crossed the
Loire River at Saumur by the time the Franco-German armistice was
signed on 22 June 1940.]
September 1940: Commander of Reiter-Regiment 22 of the 1st Cavalry
Division. [On 22 June 1941, Generalmajor Kurt Feldt’s 1st Cavalry
Division took part in the invasion of the Soviet Union as a component
of Generaloberst Heinz Guderian’s 2nd Panzer Group under Army Group
September 1941: Commander of the 1st Reiter-Brigade of the 1st Cavalry
December 1941: Commander of the 24th Schützen [Rifle]-Brigade (later
redesignated the 24th Panzer Grenadier Brigade) of the 24th Panzer
Division. [On 28 November 1941, the 1st Cavalry Division, having
returned to Germany from the Eastern Front, was redesignated and
reformed as the 24th Panzer Division at Stablack in East Prussia.
Among the organizational changes, Oberst Freiherr von Broich’s 1st
Reiter-Brigade had been reformed as the 24th Schützen-Brigade. The
new panzer division remained under Generalleutnant Kurt Feldt until
15 April 1942 when the highly decorated Generalmajor Bruno Ritter
von Hauenschild took command. After completing training, the 24th
Panzer Division deployed to the Eastern Front in June 1942 where
it saw extensive combat while serving under Army Group South (the
division was destroyed at Stalingrad in January 1943).]
October 1942: Army High Command Leader Reserve.
November 1942-5 February 1943: Delegated with the leadership of
Division “von Broich” in Tunisia. [Initially formed to hold the
Bizerte bridgehead in Tunisia, Division “von Broich” consisted of
various units including the Luftwaffe Regiment “Barenthin,” Fallschirmjäger
[Parachute] Pioneer Battalion 11, and the Italian 10th Bersaglieri
Regiment. After being tapped to command the 10th Panzer Division
following the death of its commander, Generalleutnant Wolfgang Fischer,
Oberst Freiherr von Broich handed over command of Division “von
Broich” to Generalmajor Hasso von Manteuffel.
February 1943-12 May 1943: Commander of the 10th Panzer Division
[From 14-15 February 1943, Generalmajor Freiherr von Broich’s division,
along with the 21st Panzer Division, savaged the U.S. 1st Armored
Division at the Battle of Sidi bou Zid inflicting over 1,600 casualties
and destroying almost 100 tanks and 29 artillery pieces. Jumping
off from Sbeïtla, the 10th and 21st Panzer Divisions renewed the
German offensive and, from 19-22 February 1943, engaged in the Battle
of Kasserine Pass. After breaking through Task Force Stark of the
U.S. 1st Infantry Division, the 10th Panzer Division moved in two
columns toward Thala and Tébessa (Algeria).
However, strong Allied reserves finally halted Generalmajor Freiherr
von Broich’s advance and turned the tide against the German offensive.
Although the German strategic plan had been thwarted, American losses
at the Battle of Kasserine Pass were staggering: 6,000 troops killed,
wounded and captured and 183 tanks, 104 half-tracks and over 200
artillery and anti-aircraft pieces destroyed. On 23 March 1943,
the 10th Panzer Division took a merciless pounding from U.S. artillery
in an unsuccessful frontal assault on positions held by the U.S.
1st Infantry Division during the Battle of El Guettar.
The remnants of the 10th Panzer Division continued to fight the
Allied advance until surrendering north of Bizerte on 12 May 1943.]
May 1943: Captured by the British at Gombalia in Tunisia.
May 1943-7 October 1947: Prisoner of war in British captivity.
- 1 June 1943 transferred to Trent Park Camp 11 sorting camp
- 23 July
1946 transferred to Island Farm Special Camp 11 from Camp 300
- 1 October
1947 transferred to Camp 186
- 2 October
Cross of the Iron Cross: 29 August 1942, Oberst, Commander of the
24th Panzer Grenadier Brigade.
Cross in Gold: 2 November 1941, Oberst, Commander of Reiter-Regiment
- Prussian Iron Cross, 1st Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
- Prussian Iron Cross, 2nd Class (1914) with 1939 Bar
- Cross of Honor for Combatants 1914-1918
Forces Long Service Award, 1st Class (25-year Service Cross)
- Armed Forces Long Service Award, 3rd Class (12-year Service Medal)
- Austrian Military Merit Cross, 3rd Class with War Decoration
- Wound Badge in Black – World War I award
- Italian Army Silver Bravery Medal (Medaglia d’Argento al valore militare)
Rick. An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa,
1942-1943. Henry Holt and Company, Inc., New York, New York,
Roger James & Law, Richard D. Uniforms, Organization and
History of the Afrika Korps. R. James Bender Publishing, San
Jose, California, USA, 1973 (1st Edition).
Dermot; Hildebrand, Karl-Friedrich; Rövekamp, Markus. Die Generale
des Heeres, 1921-1945, Band 2 (v. Blanckensee-v. Czettritz und Neuhauß).
Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück, Germany, 1993.
Peter. Stauffenberg: A Family History, 1905-1944.
McGill-Queen's University Press, Canada, 2003 (Second Edition) (originally
published in Germany in 1992 as Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg und seine Brüder).
Kurt. Die deutsche Wehrmacht
1939-1945: Führung und Truppe. Militair-Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall,
Norderstedt, Germany, 1993.
Telford. The March of Conquest: The German Victories
in Western Europe, 1940. Simon and Schuster, Inc., New York,
New York, 1958.
 Of note, then Oberst Fridolin von Senger
und Etterlin commanded the 1st Cavalry Division’s 2nd Reiter-Brigade
from February-May 1940. Following combat in the Netherlands, his command
was reorganized as an independent motorized brigade for employment
with the panzer divisions during the second phase of the invasion
of France. Brigade “Senger” then took part in the breakthrough of
the Weygand Line in France and, while subordinated to Generalmajor
Erwin Rommel’s 7th Panzer Division, participated in the capture of
Le Havre and Cherbourg. From early 1946 until his release in May 1948,
General der Panzertruppe Fridolin von Senger und Etterlin was held
as a prisoner of war at Island Farm Special Camp 11.
 Then General der Infanterie Erich von Lewenski genannt von Manstein
commanded the XXXVIII Army Corps during the invasion of France in
1940. Attaining the rank of Generalfeldmarschall, he was held for
a time as a prisoner of war at Island Farm Special Camp 11 after the
 Upon Generalmajor Hasso von Mateuffel’s assumption
of command, the unit was renamed Division “von Manteuffel.” Achieving
the rank of General der Panzertruppe, von Manteuffel was held for
a time as a prisoner of war at Island Farm Special Camp 11 after the
 The previous commander of the 10th Panzer
Division, Generalleutnant Wolfgang Fischer, was killed on 1 February
1943 when his staff car ran over a mine. Traveling with Fischer, Oberstleutnant
Wilhelm Bürklin, the divisional operations officer (Ia), was also
wounded. On 14 February 1943, Oberstleutnant Claus Schenk Graf von
Stauffenberg, recently arrived from Germany, assumed duties as the
new operations officer of the 10th Panzer Division. Stauffenberg’s
service in North Africa came to an abrupt end when he was badly wounded
in an air attack on 7 April 1943. The severity of the wounds required
the amputation of his right hand, two fingers from his left hand and
the removal of his left eye. The key member of the “July Plot” to
assassinate Hitler, Stauffenberg planted a bomb at Hitler’s military
headquarters near Rastenburg on 20 July 1944. As history records,
Hitler survived the assassination attempt and wreaked a terrible vengeance
on the conspirators. Stauffenberg was executed by firing squad in
Berlin on the night of the assassination attempt upon the orders of
his superior, Generaloberst Friedrich Fromm. Aware of the plot but
uncertain of whether or not he should become directly involved, Fromm
had hoped to cover his tracks by executing Stauffenberg before he
could be implicated. However, Fromm was arrested shortly afterwards
and tried and executed on 12 March 1945.
 Colonel Alexander N. Stark, Jr., the commander
of the 26th Infantry Regiment (U.S. 1st Infantry Division), led Task
Force Stark during the Battle of Kasserine Pass. In the aftermath
of the battle, Colonel Stark was among many U.S. officers relieved
of command, the most senior of which was Major General Lloyd R. Fredendall,
the commander of the U.S. II Corps. Lieutenant General George S. Patton,
Jr. succeeded Fredendall as the corps commander.
 Lieutenant General George S. Patton, Jr.,
the commander of the U.S. II Corps, observed the pounding of the 10th
Panzer Division at the Battle of El Guettar and commented: “My God,
it seems a crime to murder good infantry like that.” This battle was
vividly portrayed in the 1970 motion picture Patton
starring George C. Scott.