Sub-image 0Sub-image 1Sub-image 2Sub-image 3Sub-image 4Sub-image 5Sub-image 6Sub-image 7Sub-image 8Sub-image 9Sub-image 10
Sub-image 11Sub-image 12Sub-image 13Sub-image 14Sub-image 15Sub-image 16Sub-image 17Sub-image 18Sub-image 19Sub-image 20Sub-image 21
Sub-image 22Sub-image 23Sub-image 24Sub-image 25Sub-image 26Sub-image 27Sub-image 28Sub-image 29Sub-image 30Sub-image 31Sub-image 32

NAME: Generalfeldmarschall Heinrich Alfred Hermann Walther von Brauchitsch

PW NO:           B33418

RANK:            Generalfeldmarschall

CAPTURED:   Arrested at his estate in Rachut / Holstein

DATE:             26th August 45


DATE OF BIRTH:      4 October 1881


DATE OF DEATH:    18 October 1948





HAMBURG, Tuesday.
Ex-Field-marschall Walter von
Brauchitsch one of four German
generals awaiting trial as war
criminals made certain death-bed
statements, as yet undisclosed,
before he died in a British military
hospital here last night. He was 67.
He was appointed German
Commander-in-Chief in 1938, but in
1941 Hitler dismissed him for failure
to take Moscow. In 1940 he went to
the French coast to prepare the
intended invasion of England. He
did cross to England - as a prisoner
of war in 1945.

Newspaper Cutting - Western Mail October 1948


NATIONALITY:        German

RELIGION:                Evangelist

OCCUPATION:         Regular Soldier

HEIGHT:                    172cms

WEIGHT:                   62.2kgs

HAIR COLOUR:        Grey, partly bald
EYE COLOUR:          Grey Blue

NEXT OF KIN:          British Zone


The son of General der Kavallerie Bernhard von Brauchitsch, Heinrich Alfred Hermann Walther von Brauchitsch was born in Berlin 4th October 1881 and was raised in and around the Imperial Court. His military career began when he was commissioned into the Prussian Guard Corps in March 1900.  After Hitler came to power the German Army was rapidly expanded and as a result, von Brauchitsch became Chief of the East Prussian Military District commanding Group Command 4 at Leipzig.  In 1938, Hitler promoted him to Generaloberst and named him Commander-in-Chief of the Army.

Almost as soon as he was appointed to this post, he became aware of the conspiracy of army officers against Hitler. Despite the fact that von Brauchitsch disapproved of many of Hitler’s plans, he refused to become involved in the conspiracy because he felt bound by the oath of loyalty he, like all other officers of the army, made to Hitler.

In 1938, von Brauchitsch divorced his wife and married the daughter of a Silesian official who was a fanatical supporter of the Nazis. It has been suggested that Hitler provided the necessary funds for settlement with his first wife.

Von Brauchitsch was instrumental in the planning and carrying out of attacks on Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Yugoslavia, Greece and the Soviet Union.  After the early successes of the war, he became more and more subservient to Hitler, complying with the Führer’s orders even against his own better judgment.

In December 1941, von Brauchitsch retired and Hitler himself assumed the role of Commander-in-Chief of the Army.  From then on, von Brauchitsch lived with a cloud over his name.  At the end of the war, von Brauchitsch was arrested on his estate in Schleswig-Holstein and taken to Great Britain, being imprisoned at Island Farm.  Generalfeldmarschall von Brauchitsch was to have been tried by a British Military Court in 1949.  The practically blind Field Marshal died of heart failure in the British military hospital in Hamburg on 18th October 1948.

General Erhard Milch, Generaloberst Keitel and Generaloberst von Brauchitsch
Note: This is a "Pre-War" photo because nobody is wearing their Knight's Crosses.
Keitel & von Brauchitsch were both awarded theirs about one month after the war started.

NOTE: Generalfeldmarschall von Brauchitsch was the younger brother of Adolf von Brauchitsch who retired from the German Army on 31 January 1929 with the rank of Charakter als Generalmajor. Born on 7 November 1876 in Berlin, Adolf von Brauchitsch died on 21 January 1935 in Chemnitz.


Commands & Assignments:

Two interesting emails I received:

Hello I am the great great nephew of Field Marshall Von Brauchitsch from his second marriage. (He was my mothers mother’s Uncle). I thought that you might want to include that his second wife was an enthusiastic Nazi who after the Field Marshall died never married again because she didn't want to loose the ‘Von Brauchitsch’ because of its noble associations. My grandmother even ended up calling her Frau Von Rather than Tante Brigitte.


NOTE: The word “Tante” translates as “Auntie” or Aunt.

Another story was that “Frau Von’s” oldest daughter (Erika) was thrown out of their home by Frau Von for, “looking too Jewish” and for associating with so called “Untermensch”. My Great Aunt Erika never married, her younger sister Ursula did though to a successful business man called Helmut Freilander.


NOTE: “Untermensch” means roughly “sub-human.” This was what the Nazis derogatorily called Jews, Slavs, Gypsies and other so-called “non-Aryan” people.