SOME OF THE PRISONERS HELD AT
the Romanian Order of Michael the Brave, 3rd Class pinned to his left
the black & white ribbon with crossed swords and crown device tucked
through his buttonhole: this represents his Prussian Knight's Cross
with Swords of the Royal Hohenzollern House Order.
the Romanian Order of Michael the Brave, 2nd Class suspended beneath
von Manstein’s Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross.
Erich Von Manstein
Note: Fomerly Lewinski, but on death of his parents was adopted by
Georg Von Manstein and took his name (see below)
RANK: Gen. Feldmarsch
DATE: 26th August 1945
DATE OF BIRTH:
24th November 1887
PLACE OF BIRTH: Braunfels An Der Lahn
DATE OF DEATH: 10th June 1973
PLACE OF DEATH: Irschenhausen, Bavaria
OCCUPATION: Regular Soldier
HAIR COLOUR: Grey
EYE COLOUR: Grey
NEXT OF KIN: Jutta-Sibylle
Manstein, Achterberg Post, Dorfmark, Kreis Fallingbostel (British Zone)
His military career started
in 1906 when he was commissioned in the Imperial Army. From the start of WWII
to February 1940 he was Chief Of Staff for the army group commanded
by General Gerd Von Rundstedt. In this post he established the operations
plans for Hitler's successful campaign in the West, being the mastermind behind
the Blitzkrieg tactic used against France in 1940.
Von Manstein was rewarded for his ingenuity in July 1942 after the fall of
Sevastopol, when he was promoted to General Field Marshal (effective 1 July
He was then transferred to the Eastern Front where he was given command of
the Eleventh army which successfully conquered the Crimea and Sevastopol for
the Third Reich. After the fall of the Sevastopol, Hitler sent Von Manstein
He had been asked to take part in the plot against Hitler. Although
at first willing, he later refused and drew away from the plot.
At the close of the war, Manstein was captured and brought to Bridgend. In
August 1948 he returned to Germany for trial before a British military court.
After the trial, which lasted for four months, he was sentenced to 18 years
imprisonment. He was however acquitted of the charge of having "ordered,
authorised and permitted" mass extermination of Jews and others in Russia.
The sentence was reduced to 12 years. In 1952 he was released on parole
to enter hospital for an eye operation. He was finally released in May
1953 and died in Munich on June 12th 1973 at the age of 85.
November 1885: Born in Berlin. Son of General der Artillerie Eduard von
Lewinski; adopted by his mother's childless sister Hedwig (née von Sperling),
married to General der Infanterie Georg von Manstein.
Two years old, Manstein with his adoptive mother and sister
- 1893-1895: Educated at Strasbourg
Lycée. Later, cadet at Plön and Berlin. Also served in Corps of Pages
at court of Kaiser Wilhelm II.
- 6 April 1906: Entered active service
as a Fähnrich in 3. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß.
Manstein joined the 3 Garde-Regiment zu Fuss, the same regiment where
his famous uncle GFM von Hindenburg served
- 27 January 1907: Promoted Leutnant.
- 1 July 1911: Battalion adjutant,
3. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß.
- 1913-1914: Attended the War Academy
in Berlin for General Staff training.
- 19 June 1914: Promoted Oberleutnant.
- 2 August 1914: Regimental adjutant,
2. Garde-Reserve-Regiment; fought in Belgium and Eastern Front.
- November 1914: Severely wounded
on the Eastern Front.
- 17 June 1915: Staff officer, Army
Group "Gallwitz" in Poland and Serbia.
- 24 July 1915: Promoted Hauptmann.
- 19 August 1915: Adjutant, 12th
- 22 January 1916: Staff officer,
11th Army on Verdun Front.
- July 1916: Staff officer, 1st
Army on the Somme.
- 1917: Operations officer (Ia),
4th Cavalry Division in Courland.
- May 1918: Operations officer (Ia),
213th (Assault) Reserve Division on the Western Front.
- 1919: General Staff officer, Grenschutz
Ost (Frontier Defense East) at Breslau.
- 1920: Married Jutta Sybille von
Loesch with whom he had two sons and one daughter.
Manstein, his wife Jutta-Sibylle and his daughter Gisella
- 1 October 1920: Company commander,
Infantry Regiment 5 at Angermunde.
- 1923-1927: Staff officer, Wehrkreis
I (Königsberg), II (Stettin) and IV (Dresden).
- 1 February 1927: Promoted Major.
- 1 October 1927: Staff officer,
Infantry Leader IV at Dresden.
- 1 September 1929: Operations Branch
of the Truppenamt.
- 1 April 1932: Promoted Oberstleutnant.
- 1 October 1932: Commander, Jäger
Battalion of Infantry Regiment 4 at Kolber.
- 1 December 1933: Promoted Oberst.
- 1 February 1934: Chief of Staff
to Generalmajor Erwin von Witzleben, commander of Wehrkreis III, Berlin.
- 1 July 1935: Head of Operations
Branch of the Army General Staff.
- 1 October 1936: Promoted Generalmajor.
- 6 October 1936: Oberquartermeister
I (deputy chief of staff) to General der Artillerie Ludwig Beck, Chief
of the Army General Staff.
- 4 February 1938: Commander, Infantry
Regiment 18 at Liegnitz. Later recalled to staff service as Chief of Staff
to Generaloberst Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, Commander-in-Chief, 12th
Army during the Munich crisis.
- 1 April 1939: Promoted Generalleutnant.
- 18 August 1939: Chief of Staff
to Commander-in-Chief, East, later, Army Group South (Generaloberst Gerd
von Rundstedt) during Polish campaign.
- 23 October 1939: Chief of Staff,
Army Group A (Rundstedt) in West.
- 15 February 1940: Commanding General,
XXXVIII Army Corps (led corps during French campaign, May-June 1940).
- 1 June 1940: Promoted General
- 19 July 1940: Awarded Knight's
Cross of the Iron Cross.
- Late February 1941: Commanding
General, LVI Army Corps. Engaged in invasion of Soviet Union from 22 June
- 13 September 1914: Commander-in-Chief,
11th Army in Rundstedt's Army Group South in Russia (succeeded
Generaloberst Eugen Ritter von Schobert who was killed on 12 September
1941 when his aircraft landed in a minefield). His army received the mission
of securing the Crimea.
- 1 July 1942: Promoted Generalfeldmarschall
after successful conquest of the Crimea.
- 29 October 1942: Eldest son, Leutnant
Gero von Manstein (born 31 December 1922) was killed in action on the
northern sector of the Russian Front.
- 22 November 1942: Commander-in-Chief,
Army Group Don (renamed Army Group South in February 1943) in Russia.
17th February 1943
GFM von Manstein, Commander of Heeresgruppe "Süd", salutes the Führer
at Zaporozhie, Manstein´s HQ at 250 Km. south of Kharkov. Next to him
is GFM Freiherr von Richthofen
PROFILE CONTINUED ON