Photo shows Ramcke proudly displaying his Prussian Golden Military Merit Cross looped thorough his buttonhole. This was the highest decoration for valor a Prussian non-commissioned officer could be awarded. Ramcke received this decoration on 24 April 1918 as an Offizierstellvertreter (deputy officer) while assigned to the Assault Battalion of the Marinekorps in Flanders.

NAME: General der Fallschirmtruppe Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke (Luftwaffe)

PW NO:          18878
RANK:            General der Fallschirmtruppe
CAPTURED:   Pointe des Capuçins on the Crozon Peninsula, France (west of Brest)
DATE:             20 September 1944



DATE OF BIRTH:       24 January 1889
PLACE OF BIRTH:    Schleswig-Friedrichsberg/Schleswig-Holstein
DATE OF DEATH:     5 July 1968
PLACE OF DEATH:   Kappeln/Schlei/Schleswig-Holstein
NATIONALITY:         German
OCCUPATION:        Regular Air Force Officer

Family: Married with seven children. Ramcke’s wife was the daughter of Generalleutnant a.D. Paul Göldner (3 September 1875-13 December 1945).





Commands & Assignments:

Offiziers-Stellvertreter [Deputy Officer] Ramcke, naval infantryman in the Assault Troop of the 12th Company of the 2nd Matrosen-Regiment, proudly displaying the Iron Cross 1st Class he received for action in Flanders. Mentioned in a divisional order of the day for leading two reconnaissance patrols lasting over 36 hours in duration into the enemy rear area beyond the Nieuwland Polder Farm, Ramcke later wrote in his memoirs: Our all admired regimental commander [Oberst z.D. von Reck] did not leave it at that, he personally pinned the Iron Cross 1st Class to my breast. At the same time, I was appointed an Offiziers-Stellvertreter. With special joy I received and wore the Iron Cross 1st Class; only a few had so far been awarded in the regiment.

[1] Commanded by Admiral Ludwig von Schröder since 23 August 1914, the Marine-Division Flandern participated in the siege and capture of Antwerp from 27 September 1914-10 October 1914 under Army Group “Beseler” (General der Infanterie Hans von Beseler). Storming Fort Waelhem, von Schröder’s naval division crossed the Nethe River at Duffel, penetrated the city’s inner defense line and captured Forts Liezele and Bornhem. After taking part in the Battle of the Yser—including the capture of Lombartzyde, northwest of Nieuport—in October-November 1914, the Marine-Division Flandern was expanded into corps strength for the defense of the Belgian coastline and the development of the captured ports to support the war at sea.  

[2] The 1st Marine-Division occupied the Belgian coastline while the 2nd Marine-Division held the land front along the Yser River; the naval infantry regiments frequently alternated between the two divisions/sectors. By July 1917, the 3rd Marine-Division had been created and assigned to the land front. Several other prisoners held at Island Farm Special Camp 11 served in land, sea and air formations of the Flanders Naval Corps during World War I: General der Artillerie Eduard Crasemann, Generalleutnant Karl Köchy, Generalmajor Kurt Loebell, Generalleutnant Herbert Olbrich, Konteradmiral Richard Rothe-Roth, Generalingenieur Dipl.-Ing. Rudolf Spies and Vizeadmiral Kurt Utke.

[3] On 14 March 1916, then Oberleutnant Cordt von Brandis received the Prussian Pour le Mérite Order for his role in the capture of Fort Douaumont on 25 February 1916 during the Battle of Verdun. At the time, he was leader of the 8th Company of the Infanterie-Regiment Großherzog Friedrich Franz II von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (4. Brandenburgisches) Nr.24

[4] From 1 March 1933-10 September 1934, Oberstleutnant Bodewin Keitel commanded the regiment’s III. Battalion to which Ramcke’s company was assigned. The younger brother of Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel who was hanged at Nürnberg for war crimes, Bodewin attained the rank of General der Infanterie and served as Chief of the Army Personnel Office from 1 March 1938-1 October 1942. Of note, future Generaloberst Kurt Student soldiered alongside Ramcke in the 2nd (Prussian) Infantry Regiment from 1 December 1928-31 January 1933. Student was held for a time at Island Farm Special Camp 11 after the war.

[5] Achieving the rank of Generalfeldmarschall, Ewald von Kleist was held as a prisoner of war at Island Farm Special Camp 11 until August 1946 when he was extradited to Yugoslavia to stand trial for war crimes. Extradited to the Soviet Union in 1948, von Kleist died in the Vladimir POW Camp on 16 October 1948.

[6] Achieving the rank of General der Fallschirmtruppe, Eugen Meindl was held for a time at Island Farm Special Camp 11 after the war.